Asked & Answered – Do I need permission to use a translation of a public domain play?

Gordon P. Firemark

In this video, I answer a question about adapting public domain works that have been translated from foreign languages. This question and answer brought to you by: Asked & Answered – Do I need permission to use a translation of a public domain play?

Why is there a Google Books? Part 1: Machine Translations and Customer X

Music Technology Policy

Perhaps you have never heard of machine translations, but if you use one of the many translation algorithms available for “free” online, you have experienced a translation by a machine. A good way to accomplish this is with books in translation.

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Lost In Translation

DealFatigue

Blogs Internet Negotiations The Culture daily variety dictionary lingua franca lost in translation nomenclature slang slanguage

Lost In Translation

DealFatigue

Blogs Internet Negotiations The Culture daily variety dictionary lingua franca lost in translation nomenclature slang slanguage

Lost In Translation

DealFatigue

Tags: Blogs Internet Negotiations The Culture daily variety dictionary lingua franca lost in translation nomenclature slang slanguage

FCC Releases Instructions for Window for AM Stations to File for FM Translators and Announces Translator Filing Freeze – Pay Attention to the Details!

Broadcast Law Blog

Late yesterday, the FCC released the Public Notice setting out the instructions for the upcoming window for Class C and D AM stations to file for new FM translators. This may be to preserve some channels for applicants in the next window – one to be announced in the future for all AM stations (including Class A and B AM stations) to file for new translators. AM Radio FM Translators and LPFM 250 mile waiver for translators AM translators FM translators for AM stations

FM Translators Still Contentious – New Filing Window, Suggestions for Resolving Interference Complaints and a Request for Reconsideration of Relaxation of Rules on the Location of FM Translators for AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

For well over a decade, since the FM translator filing window of 2003, translators have been a controversial subject. While they have become more important to the broadcast ecosystem – especially as they now rebroadcast AM stations and HD-2 channels of FM stations – their use continues to be controversial, both because of the interference to other stations that is sometimes caused by new translators, and because of their perceived conflicts with LPFM applicants.

FCC Releases Tutorial on FM Translator Auction Window for AM Stations – Clarifies that AM Buyers Can File Applications

Broadcast Law Blog

The FCC yesterday released an online tutorial for the upcoming windows for filing for FM translators for AM stations. The first window will run from July 26 until 6 pm ET on August 2, where Class C and D AM stations that did not receive a translator in last year’s 250-mile waiver windows can file for a new FM translator to rebroadcast their AM station. AM Radio FM Translators and LPFM AM on FM translators FM translators for AM stations

Relaxed Rules for Location of FM Translators to Rebroadcast AM Stations Effective April 10

Broadcast Law Blog

We wrote here and here about the FCC’s new rules to relax the limits on where licensees of AM stations can use FM translators to rebroadcast their stations. The new rules allow the location of these translators so that their 1 mv/m coverage area does not extend beyond 25 miles from the AM station or beyond the AM station’s 2 mv/m contour – whichever is greater. Up to now, the translator had to stay within the lesser of those two areas.

FM Translators for AM Stations – Now that the Filing Window is Done, What’s Next?

Broadcast Law Blog

The window for filing applications for new FM translators for Class C and D AM stations has now closed. One would think that this will happen principally in spectrum-congested markets where there are multiple AM stations eligible for the auction, but few available channels for translators. AM Radio Broadcast Auctions FM Translators and LPFM FM translators for AM stations

Reminder: October 31 Last Day to Seek 250 Mile Waiver for FM Translators Moves to Rebroadcast AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

All this year, the FCC has been busy processing applications by AM broadcasters to buy an FM translator or a translator construction permit , and to move the translator as much as 250 miles to rebroadcast an AM station. We wrote about the Commission’s rules for these translator moves, as set out in December, here. In the AM market, the translator can operate on any commercial FM channel that is available.

Update: Comment Dates Set on Prometheus Petition for Reconsideration of Relaxation of Siting Rules for FM Translators Rebroadcasting AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

Earlier this week, we wrote about a number of proceedings affecting FM translators , including the Petition for Reconsideration (available here ) of the FCC decision relaxing the rules governing the locations at which AM stations using FM translators to rebroadcast their signal can locate those translators (see our summary here ). AM Radio FM Translators and LPFM FM translators for AM stations

FCC Approves Expansion of Use of FM Translators By AM Stations – But Warns Broadcasters Not to Jump the Gun and File Before New Rules Become Effective

Broadcast Law Blog

As we wrote last week, the FCC approved the expanded use of FM translators by AM stations – allowing their use anywhere within a 25-mile radius of their AM transmitter site, or within the 2 mv/m contour of the AM station – whichever is greater. The current rule restricts that will be replaced limit FM translator use to the lesser of the 2 mv/m contour or the 25-mile radius for the AM station.

August Regulatory Dates for Broadcasters – EEO, Translators, Media Regulation Modernization, EAS, Incentive Auction and More

Broadcast Law Blog

The window for filing for FM translators for Class C and D AM stations that did not receive translators in last year’s 250-mile waiver window opened yesterday, and remains open through August 2. We expect many AM broadcasters to try to take advantage of this opportunity to acquire a new translator for their stations. It’s almost August, and despite it being vacation time for many, there are still regulatory dates that must be addressed by the broadcast industry.

FCC Chairman Pai Promotes Transparency – Releases Draft Orders on Next-Generation TV and FM Translators for AM Stations – What Will Be Considered for Radio at February FCC Meeting?

Broadcast Law Blog

For radio, the draft order would permit an expansion of the area in which an FM translator rebroadcasting an AM station can be located. Under current rules, the 1 mv/m contour of translator must be entirely contained within the lesser of the daytime 2 mv/m contour of the AM station or within a circle with a 25 mile radius from the AM transmitter site.

FCC Asks for Formal Comments on Next-Generation of Television, and Approves Greater Use of FM Translators By AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

This order expands the area in which FM translators can be operated to rebroadcast an AM station. Watch for more information, including details of the effective date in these new translator rules, shortly. AM Radio Digital Television FM Translators and LPFM Television ATSC 3.0 FM translators for AM stationsAt its meeting yesterday, the FCC took two big actions affecting broadcasters.

What Washington Has in Store for Broadcasters in 2015 – Part 1, What’s Up at the FCC

Broadcast Law Blog

We would expect that the first actions will be easier ones – opening an FM translator window to provide FM translators for AM stations and perhaps changing the “ratchet rule” which in many cases makes it difficult for AM stations to make changes in their facilities as the rule requires stations to lower power so as to decrease interference caused by such moves.

More on AM Revitalization – Why the FCC Chairman is Against an AM-Only Filing Window For FM Translators

Broadcast Law Blog

As we wrote earlier this week , the biggest argument about the proposal that is circulating is reportedly whether or not that order will provide for a window for filing for new FM translators specifically to be used for the rebroadcast of AM stations. While AM radio was not on the agenda of the meeting, the Chairman was nevertheless asked about his opposition to the AM-only translator window. Applications for new FM translators are filed during pre-announced auction filing windows.

FCC Adopts AM Revitalization Order – Part 1 – The Upcoming Windows for AM Stations to Acquire FM Translators

Broadcast Law Blog

Friday’s order came in three parts – one adopting certain changes to FCC technical FCC rules and also adopting procedures for AM stations to acquire FM translators, a second asking for comment on a series of additional proposals looking to further change certain AM rules, and a final section a more preliminary inquiry looking at longer term policy changes to the AM rules. So, for instance, an AM owner can buy an FM translator authorized to operate on 93.3,

Request Filed with the FCC to Stay Effective Date of New Liberalized Rules on the Location of FM Translators for AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

Prometheus Radio Project, an advocacy group which has been active in lobbying for the interests of LPFM applicants and licensees, has asked that the FCC stay the April 10 effective date of the new rules liberalizing the location in which FM translators serving AM stations can locate (see its petition here ). Their allegation is that the moves by these translators will “box in” LPFM stations at their current site.

FCC Details Window for LPTV Stations and TV Translators Displaced by the Incentive Auction to Seek New Channels

Broadcast Law Blog

The FCC last week released a Public Notice describing the process for the filing of applications for replacement channels for LPTV stations and TV translators that are displaced by the incentive auction. The FCC estimates that the LPTV/TV Translator window will likely be announced 7 or 8 months after last month’s Closing Notice in the auction – meaning that it is likely to be announced at the end of this year.

Closing the 2003 FM Translator Window – Mutually Exclusive Noncommercial Applications Set for Resolution by Point System Paper Hearings

Broadcast Law Blog

While much of the attention paid to FM translators has recently come from their use to rebroadcast AM stations and the upcoming windows for, first, relocating existing translators to AM markets and, later, a window for new translators for AM stations (see our article here ), many forget that there are still many translator applications pending from the 2003 translator window.

Moving FM Translators 250 Miles to Rebroadcast an AM Station – What the FCC is Considering as Part of Its AM Revitalization Proceeding

Broadcast Law Blog

A proposal to allow AM station licensees to buy FM translators located as far as 250 miles away from the AM station and move them to an area where they can rebroadcast the AM station was the talk of the NAB Radio Show last week. An AM licensee buys the translator authorization – and it basically gives that licensee the right to file for a vacant frequency in its market on a first-come, first-served basis.

FCC Letter Questions Multi-Hop Move of FM Translator - Limits on Availability of Translators for AM Stations?

Broadcast Law Blog

An FCC letter to the licensee of an FM translator owner asking very specific information about a series of applications to move that translator to a larger market raises question as to whether the FCC is shutting the door on moves of translators from one market to another - where they have often been used to rebroadcast the signal of an AM or an FM HD signal, adding new competition.

September Regulatory Dates for Broadcasters – Including Reg Fees, Nationwide EAS Test, Must-Carry Letters, Lowest Unit Rate, Translator and Repack Deadlines and GMR License Extension

Broadcast Law Blog

We would expect that the next steps in the processing of the FM translator applications filed last month by AM stations will take place in September , with the FCC giving notice of which applications are mutually exclusive (and setting dates for a settlement window when resolutions of any conflicts between such applicants can be negotiated).

FM Translator Processing Continues as FCC identifies Over 700 Applications that Can Be Granted - What's Next for Translator Applicants? What Should Broadcasters Be Considering?

Broadcast Law Blog

Many of the thousands of FM translators that have been pending since 2003 may be approaching the finish line to be granted very soon. The clear opportunity for broadcasters is that there are soon going to be about 700 new translators, with many more to come after the settlement window and auction. So there are bound to be at least some translators that will be granted and available for sale or some sort of programming arrangement.

King Pardons Translator

Media Law Prof Blog

The King of Thailand has pardoned Joe Gordon, an American citizen, who was convicted last year of lese-majeste for translating parts of a biography of the sovereign and posting it on his blog. The book, The King Never Smiles, is

Window to Open January 29 for Applications to Move FM Translators Up to 250 Miles to Rebroadcast AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

The FCC’s Media Bureau gave a long-awaited Christmas present to many of the country’s AM stations, releasing a Public Notice announcing the filing dates for the translator modification application filing windows for AM stations. In these windows, the FCC will allow an AM licensee to buy or arrange to program an FM translator and move it up to 250 miles to a location from which it can be used to rebroadcast an AM station.

April Regulatory Dates for Broadcasters – Quarterly Issues Programs Lists and Children’s Television Reports, Incentive Auction Closing Notice, AM Translator Site Relocation Relaxation Effective Date

Broadcast Law Blog

This includes both regular regulatory obligations and dates unique to this April for both radio and TV – including the release of the FCC’s Closing Notice for the TV incentive auction and the effective date for the new rules liberalizing the location of FM translators used to rebroadcast AM stations. For radio, AM stations are waiting the effective date of the new rules relaxing the restrictions on where FM translators can be located to rebroadcast AM stations.

FCC Denies “Tell City Waiver” to Move Translator to Distant Non-Adjacent Channel to Rebroadcast AM Station

Broadcast Law Blog

In a case that has been watched by many AM licensees and debated at a number of broadcast conferences in the last few years, the FCC on Friday denied the “ Tell City waiver ,” by which the licensee of an AM station in Indiana sought to buy an FM translator in Colorado and move it to Indiana, on a non-adjacent channel, and use it to rebroadcast their AM station.

Next Step in Processing 2003 FM Translator Applications - FCC Asks for LPFM Preclusion Studies From Major Market Applicants

Broadcast Law Blog

The next step in processing of the translators from the 2003 FM translator window is now upon us. A preclusion study is a showing that the grant of the proposed translator will not unduly impact LPFM opportunities in that market. This is one more step toward the clearing of the 2003 translator backlog. By then, most translators that will have to be protected by LPFM applicants should be identified by the processes that the FCC is going through now.

The Confusing State of AM Radio Revitalization Efforts – No FM Translator Window for AM Licensees?

Broadcast Law Blog

We wrote about the two aspects of potential assistance for AM stations that were proposed in the FCC’s Notice of Proposed Rulemaking – technical proposals which mostly focused on ways to make the relocation of AM stations easier (see our article here ) and the quick-fix proposal for new FM translators reserved for AM stations , a band-aid to keep AM stations alive while a new more permanent solution for these stations could be found (see our post here ).

More New FM Translators to Be Granted, While FCC Provides More Details for LPFM Filing Window

Broadcast Law Blog

FM translator processing and LPFMs have been inextricably tied together for years, as the services compete for spectrum throughout the country. At Wednesday''s FCC open meeting , this was illustrated by the fact that there were two reports - one on the status of the processing of the remaining applications from the 2003 FM translator window , and another about the preparations for the upcoming LPFM window. On the translator front.

More Details from the FCC on the Processing of 2003 FM Translator Applications

Broadcast Law Blog

Last week, we wrote about the first step in the FCC's processing of the remaining applications for FM translators filed way back in 2003. for rebroadcasting an AM station or an FM HD-2 channel which new translators can retransmit), review this notice carefully before making your elections next week. 2003 FM translator applications FM Translators and LPFM translators for AM radio translators for HD radio

FCC Announces That It Will Lift Filing Freeze on TV Station Modification Applications before LPTV/TV Translator Displacement Window

Broadcast Law Blog

It was generally expected that the next window to open would be one for the filing by LPTV and TV translator stations displaced by the repacking of full-power stations to find new channels on which they could operate. They feared that the four years of pent up demand would cause a flood of applications by full-power stations, some of which might displace LPTVs and TV translators on their new displacement channels.

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August 29 Deadline for Comments on LPFM and FM Translator Processing - Looking to Unfreeze 2003 FM Translator Applications and to Open a New LPFM Window

Broadcast Law Blog

August 29 will be the deadline for initial comments on the FCC's proceeding to set the relationship between applications for new LPFM stations and those for FM translators, a date set forth in a Federal Register publication of the FCC's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on this topic. The NPRM also will decide whether FM translators can be used for the rebroadcast of an AM station if that translator was granted after the FCC first authorized the rebroadcast of AM stations by FM translator s.

Processing of 2003 FM Translators Continues - January 25 Deadline to Select Applications to Meet Application Caps

Broadcast Law Blog

As we wrote last month , the FCC has issued an order attempting to resolve the remaining issues between FM translators from the 2003 FM translator window , whose processing has been frozen for over 5 years, and LPFM stations. If you are interested in processing 2003 translator applications, review these procedures carefully as there are many tricks and details that can lead to processing problems and potential application dismissals.

FCC Clarifies Rules for LPFM - Part 1 - What to Do With FM Translator Applications From the 2003 Filing Window, and Using Translators for the Rebroadcasting of AM Stations

Broadcast Law Blog

The status of LPFM stations has been up in the air almost since they were first created over a decade ago, as the FCC has been slow to open a window for filing applications for new stations while controversies about interference with full-power FM stations and FM translators , and other issues, were being hashed out. The first order attempts to resolve the issues about the FM translator applications that have been pending since 20 03.

FCC Dismisses 3000 FM Translator Applications from 2003 Filing Window - Next Stop, a Settlement Window?

Broadcast Law Blog

The FCC last week issued a Public Notice announcing the dismissal of approximately 3000 FM translator applications. This was as a result of its requirement that applicants from the 2003 FM Translator Window select no more than 70 total applications to prosecute (see our articles here and here ), and no more than 3 in any Arbitron market where there were significant number of translator applications filed.

FM Translators and LPFM on FCC Agenda for November 30 Meeting - A Final Resolution for the Pending 2003 Translator Applications?

Broadcast Law Blog

The relationship between low power FM stations and both FM translators and full-power FM stations will be addressed by the FCC at its open meeting on November 30 – the only issues on the FCC's agenda for that meeting. The FM translator issue has been a long and contentious one. In 2003, during the last FM translator window, thousands of applications for FM translators were filed. See our summary of the FCC decision on the translator-LPFM issues here.